Risk Factors:

The main cause of periodontal disease is bacterial plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth. However, other factors can also affect the health of your gums.

  • Smoking/tobacco use
  • Family history of early tooth loss/genetics
  • Diabetes
  • Specific systemic diseases
  • Specific medications
  • Puberty, pregnancy, and menopause in women
  • Clenching or grinding
  • Osteoporosis
  • Obesity